National NDC Support Programme

In order to meet current NDCs under the Paris Agreement and set ambitions to achieve the globally agreed aim of holding warming below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, efforts to limit warming to 1.5°C should be pursued. Achieving this objective will require halving global emissions by 2030, and reaching zero emissions by 2050.

Mozambique became party to the Paris Agreement in 2018, and has committed to the implementation of mitigation actions that expect to reduce emission by approximately 40 million tCO2eq between 2020 and 2025. These reductions are, however, estimates with a significant level of uncertainty, and are conditional to the provision of financial, technological, and capacity building support from the international community. Despite its emissions being low and largely insignificant when considered globally, Mozambique has suffered recent and increasing levels of natural disaster phenomena as a result of a global rise in atmospheric temperature and climate change. Its coastal communities in particular have felt the effects of severe and repeated tropical cyclones over the past 4 years- 2019 to 2022 documented as the the most extreme in history, with over 3,3 million people affected by extreme weather events.

Considering that Mozambique is rated 1st in 2019 on the Global Climate Risk Index, and in view of its ranking 7th in the World Risk Report of 2022 (compared to Madagascar at 17th and Seychelles at 134th), its vulnerability to climate change should be of considerable global concern.

In response to these concerning analyses, and considering Mozambique urgently requires strengthened enabling conditions to support NDC implementation and MVR, Likhulu has undertaken to play an active part in assisting Mozambique achieve and advance their commitments, and is aiming to partner with the Pew Charitable Trust’s Protecting Coastal Wetlands and Coral Reef Project. Likhulu began engaging with Pew in August 2022 in view of becoming an implementing partner to help accelerate impact in the Western Indian Ocean, and hopes to formalise the Project in March 2023.